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Projects, drawings and various models completed while studying Architecture, at the University of Technology, Sydney, and after.


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Architectural Design: Forming - Machines, 2011


Specific conditions are discovered through the processes of diagramming building precedents, and as a result was refined and translated into the design of a 'Machine', assembled from specific materials and located within a defined boundary. Rem Koolhaas' Maison Bordeaux was designed and constructed to suit the needs of a disabled owner who had been forced to move within a wheelchair. The design involves two different rhythms of movement users experience, reflecting the spaces and thresholds of the building.


The 'Machine' is to be experienced on the limbs of the body - the legs and arms. The user will encounter the juxtaposing experiences, and thus gains a greater understanding into the conceptual analysis of the Bordeaux House.


Tutor: Alberto Quizon

Co-ordinator: William Feuerman



Architectural Design: Making - Islands, 2011


This studio focused on the the translation of a narrative into a physical island that illustrates architectural characteristics and concepts. This project began to highlight varying urban topographies, and how - through the progression of a journey - it alters and changes within a city.


A journey was documented between two different locations - Sydney City to Katoomba - which drove the narrative of this design. Through the analysis of this progression through urban space, it was evident that there were differences within topography, environments and spatial attributes.


The island became a direct diagram to this urban analysis, exploring ideas of form, movement and circulation, and investigating restriction, progression, and parasitical ideas of urban sprawl.


Tutor: Allison Earl

Co-ordinator: Nicole Gardner



Global Studio: Interior and Spatial Design - Seoul, Han River, 2014


The Seoul-based Global Studio examined the relationship between the urban fabric and the Han River aiming to develop both communal ammenity and cultural capacity within the infrastructural edge that remains vacant in contrast to the rapid moving city scape.


The studio examined the relationship between the interior and urban conditions as a mode of linking the city to the rivers edge. The project involved research that investigated the vastly different urban conglomerates in and surrounding Seoul as to provide a syntax for the hypothetical project.


Tutor: Peter Farman, Thomas Cole




Architectural Design: Field - RE:TYPE, 2014


RE:TYPE focused on the use of typology in the design process - allowing a dialogue between the objective externalities of a particular project and the subjective internalites of the creative agent. The studio acknowledged the value of precedent not as a model to be imitated but rather as a repository of knowledge of ideas, a critical starting point both consciously and unconsciously.


By redesigning the UTS podium in integrating student housing, there is an easier means of communication between student and public - due to its direct relationship to Broadway - providing a variety of public activity converging with students of the campus. By introducing public programs into the UTS campus it allows a free-flowing connection of the campus into the city.


Tutor: Alberto Quizon

Co-ordinator: Urtzi Grau (Fake Industries)


Urban Islands: Cockatoo Island - A Graphic Cartography (Jimenez Lai), 2014


Cockatoo Island presents new opportunities within the city through its unique conditions. The site has been continuously inhabited, altered and reinhabited through outs its history. In the past it has been a brutal prison, a training facility, and used for naval shipbuilding - and now a site for cultural experimentation for artists and architects.


Through the findings of hidden spaces, misplaced characteristics and awkward moments within the island - there seems to be a hidden reality that foretells the intricate nuances of the island, and how its space came to be (as well as potential future uses). The project narrates and documents other histories, alternate realities, future realities, or realities that have not been told - foretelling fictional architectural explorations of the near reality and morphed history of Cockatoo Island.


Project with students from USYD, UNSW, UON, and University of Adelaide


Tutor: Jimenez Lai (Bureau Spectacular)

Co-ordinator: Tom Rivard


Architectural Design: Integration - Sydney Olympic Park High School, 2014


By investigating moments of uncommunicative modes of movement that is experienced on a daily basis provides an opportunity to create a hybrid of transport types to create richer forms of communicative intersections. Through the design of Sydney Olympic Park High School, we took advantage in areas of mixed-modes of circulation and began to create new forms of visual, personal and movement connections.


The design proposes an intersection and a hybrid of two types of movements (walking and cycling), and in doing so, hopes to create new forms of knowledge production and learning. It is in these spaces that juxtaposes the two means of movement, and in return provide a hybrid of circulation that deals with spatial proximity and radius, as well as fluid forms of movement.


Project with Reid Scarfone


Tutor: Tessa Dobbs

Co-ordinator: Anthony Burke


Urban Innovation Ideas Competition - George St, 2015 '2020'


Bounded by large buildings and high rises, we define city space as the ground floor of the large vertical void that is generated by these buildings. However by shifting the way we read the city in terms of solid/void and the verticality of space, we are able to generate and redesign spaces that can transform the city.


The proposal for a more innovative George Street consists of a transparent white veil that suspends from George Street, and into Martin Place. The fabric intends to provide a sheet that begins to divide Sydney's preconception of city space, creating a more intimate outdoor living room that starts to provide a hybrid of commuter thoroughfare and a hang out space for users. Furthermore, the divide acts as a soft box that fluidly diffuses and reflects light between buildings, while also providing a blank canvas that can also be adapted for art installations and projections.


Project with Diana Bui


Masters Design Studio: Architecture Without Occupants, States of Obsolescence, 2016


Whereas the objects and artefacts of previous societies were adapted or handed down, the march of technological advancement demands the incessant outmoding of current systems and formats. New computing hardware enables new and improved software - leading to software and file obsolescence, while new software will not run on old hardware – exacerbating hardware obsolescence.


The Bare Island Storage Facility addresses the conundrum of digital storage obsolescence, offering an opportunity for the collection and conversion of redundant forms of digital storage. The facility provides the required hardware, software, and physical connections to translate between various eras of storage formats, and to update outmoded media to current operating systems.

Housed within Bare Island’s redundant fort, itself a monument to outmoded technology, our proposed facility anticipates its own obsolescence. Comprising modular storage containers, a crane gantry, and a mechanical elevator, the facility is reconfigurable and ultimately removable, leaving just the barest traces of occupation.

Project with Annie Vu and Boris Nikolov

Tutor: Other Architects (David Neustein and Grace Mortlock)

Masters Design Studio: Future Utopias_[Mis]behaviours of the [In]formal City, Sydney 2050.24, 2017

Today, the average Australian home size has almost doubled in size compared to 100 years ago, with the average number of people per household at 2.6 per household, compared to 5.3 in the past.Furthermore, due to increases in population and Sydney becoming a denser city, cities are designing new developments that encircle around the objective of ‘live, work, play’ models, resulting in highly regulated areas to minimise disputes and disruptions as a result of highly hybridised zonings.

The ‘Sydney 2050.24’ model looks at redefining ways of living, working and consuming and seeks to create redundancies within the 24 hour time frame to allow for alternative uses of spaces that are being under utilised throughout the day. By shifting, truncating, and dividing the typical working day, and allocating each working group into different zones within the city, it provides an opportunity for the city to negotiate the accommodation of alternate programs within spaces that become redundant from the new ‘work, leisure, sleep’ schedule. This allows for a fluctuating zoning dependent on the hours of the day, creating a balance that minimises conflicts and disruptions between individuals within the city.

Tutor: Brooke Jackson


Masters Design Studio: Sydney Dance Company, 2017

From observation of the Walsh Bay site, human movement is curated - or disrupted - by forms of inconsistent movement (vehicles, other people, etc) and the position of stationary built objects. However reoccurring movements within the site seems to have minimal curation or disruption to the circulation of human movement. From there, there was an investigation on how constant and reoccurring movements - such as the water’s tidal and current changes, and the changes of direct sunlight throughout the day - start to dictate the way we experience and move through the site.

The proposal for the new Sydney Dance Company building in Walsh bay positions itself between the existing wharfs near the dance company’s current location - semi-submerged into the water. The building attempts to reorientate the users experience of the bay, generating new opportunities on how we interact with the edges of the built fabric and the water of Sydney Harbour, as well as forming a new relationship between human movement and the movement of natural elements of the site.

Tutor: Deborah Barnstone


Casa Engawa, 2020


The Casa Engawa of Vale de Moses is a unique retreat that redefines Japanese architecture in the context of central Portugal and seeks to envelop users in spaces that consider a transformed connection to nature. The designed meditation cabins are a result of a strategic interrogation of the Japanese “Engawa” - or porch of the Japanese house. By considering the current location of Vale de Moses and their ongoing health and spiritual meditation practices of forest bathing, or “Shinrin Yoku” in Japan, there was an opportunity to explore new possibilities that negotiates the relationship between architecture and the natural environment, providing users with new experiences connecting them back to the non-human world.

Shortlisted competition entry

Project with Christofer Cattell

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